Tungabhadra River

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Tungabhadra is a major river in the south Indian peninsula. Hampi is located on the south bank somewhere in the middle of this river’s path. In this area the river takes a number of twists are turns owing to the rocky terrain. The river has immense significance in forming the political & religious history of Hampi. The river along with along with the boulder-strewn hills formed the northern barrier of the capital. It was not easy for an invading army cross the river without the fate of a sure defeat.

The river is in fact formed by the union of two rivers Tunga and Bhadra and hence the name. Both Tunga & Bhadra Rivers are originated on the eastern slops of the Western Ghats. Tungabhadra flows in a more or less northwest direction before joining the eastern river Krishna. The Krishna River finally ends into the Bay of Bengal.

In modern India a huge dam and hydroelectric project is constructed across Tungabhadra (about 20 kilometer southwest of Hampi), curtailing the original vigor of the river in this part.

The Vijayanagara kings took advantage of the river by constructing a host of irrigation canals and aqueducts. A highly networked water supply system fed the manmade water bodies in the urban core of the palace area. Many of the ancient canals are still in use to irrigate the surrounding agriculture fields.

The ancient name of the river was Pampa. According to the legends, Pampa, the daughter of Brahma (the God of creation) did penance to please Lord Shiva. Impressed by her devotion Shiva married her and taken the name Pampapati (means husband of Pampa). The name Hampi has origin in Pampa. On the banks if the river, there are numerous shrines and idols associated with the worship of Lord Shiva.

RiversideRiverside Ruins

Riverside Ruins

The riverside gorge just north of the Kodandarama Temple is remarkable for the various clusters of ruins. The sought after ones are the array of Shiva Lingas carved on the flat rock surface and the carved Anandashayana Vishnu on the rock cleft. A little exploration of this area, close to... MORE ➜

AnegondiCoracle Crossings

Coracle Crossings

First of all, what’s a coracle? A circular shaped country boat to cross the river. A huge floating basket is a more appropriate description than calling it a boat. They are huge flat craft to ferry people & sheep (yes sheep!). About 6 feet in diameter, coracles are made of... MORE ➜

AnegondiJaina Temple

Jaina Temple

Jaina Temple


AnegondiHachappa Mantapa

Hachappa Mantapa

This reconstructed pavilion would be your first major stop once you have crossed  to Anegondi area from the Talarigata ferry point near Vittala Temple. From the main road, this sits hidden in thick banana plantation with a palm lined train to access it. The highlight is a two storied pavilion... more ➜

AnegondiAreas of Hampi

Areas of Hampi

The Sacred Centre: As the name suggested this is the religious area of Hampi. A number of temples and other religious structures are located here. This is roughly the area around where the Hampi bus stand is located. Some of the oldest functioning temples in India are located here. Also... more ➜

AnegondiAnjaneya Hill

Anjaneya Hill

This hill in Hampi believed to be the birthplace of Hanuman , is located in the center of Anegondi area. You can see this hill from the Hampi side of the river as you trek along the Kampa Bhups’s Path. At the top of the hill is the temple dedicated... more ➜

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