Tungabhadra is a major river in the south Indian peninsula. Hampi is located on the south bank somewhere in the middle of this river’s path. In this area the river takes a number of twists and turns owing to the rocky terrain. The river has immense significance in forming the political & religious history of Hampi. The river along with along with the boulder-strewn hills formed the northern barrier of the capital. It was not easy for an invading army cross the river without the fate of a sure defeat.

Tungabhadra is in fact formed by the union of two rivers Tunga and Bhadra and hence the name. Both Tunga & Bhadra Rivers are originated on the eastern slops of the Western Ghats. Tungabhadra flows in a more or less northwest direction before joining the eastern river Krishna. The Krishna River finally ends into the Bay of Bengal.

In modern India a huge dam and hydroelectric project is constructed across Tungabhadra (about 20 kilometer southwest of Hampi), curtailing the original vigor of the river in this part.

The Vijayanagara kings took advantage of the river by constructing a host of irrigation canals and aqueducts. A highly networked water supply system fed the manmade water bodies in the urban core of the palace area. Many of the ancient canals are still in use to irrigate the surrounding agriculture fields.

The ancient name of the river was Pampa. According to the legends, Pampa, the daughter of Brahma (the God of creation) did penance to please Lord Shiva. Impressed by her devotion Shiva married her and taken the name Pampapati (means husband of Pampa). The name Hampi has origin in Pampa. On the banks if the river, there are numerous shrines and idols associated with the worship of Lord Shiva.

The river looks placid, but there could be dangerous undercurrents. Never venture to swim. There were many fatalities in the past

The river looks placid, but there could be dangerous undercurrents. Never venture to swim. There were many fatalities in the past

The river looks placid, but there could be dangerous undercurrents. Never venture to swim or dive. There were many fatalities in the past


Inside Vittala Temple of Hampi

Vittala Temple

As the epicenter of Hampi's attractions, Vittala Temple is the most extravagant architectural showpiece of Hampi.No amount of words can explain this spectacle.


Inscription on the Vishnu temple

Inscribed Vishnu Temple

The temple got its name thanks to the numerous rows of inscriptions carved on its outer walls.The temple can easily give a miss as it stand hidden behind the much larger Vittala Temple complex.


Kings Balance

This 5-meter or so tall ‘balance’ is located near the Vittala temple.Also called as Tula Bhara or Tula Purushadana, the king used to weigh himself with gold, gems, silver and precious stones, and distributed to the priests.

Purandaradasa Mantapa

This is a small open pillared pavilion with whitewashed top dedicated to the legendary poet Purandaradasa who lived in Hampi.The pavilion is located at the river shore near Vittala Temple.



When translated into English, Rayagopura means the royal tower or gateway.This is the ruin of a tower whose construction was never been completed.

Riverside Ruins

The riverside gorge just north of the Kodandarama Temple is remarkable for the various clusters of ruins.

The sought after ones are the array of Shiva Lingas carved on the flat rock surface and the carved Anandashayana Vishnu on the rock cleft.


Wheels of Stone Chariot in Hampi

Stone Chariot

The "Stone Chariot", as it is often referred is the flagship tourist attraction of Hampi.This is not a chariot ,as the name suggests, rather a shrine built like a chariot.