Robert Sewell (1845 – 1925) was a collector and magistrate in Madras Presidency in colonial India. Like may civil servant turned Indologists of those times, he was a scholar in history. Also in charge for the then archeology department.
His aptly titled book, A Forgotten Empire Vijayanagar: A Contribution to the History of India written published in 1900 is still considered as seminal work on this South Indian empire that was left buried in the otherwise overwhelming history of India.
Along with this book he translated two chronicles by Domingo Paes, a Portuguese envoy and Fernao Nuniz who was a Portuguese horse trader in Hampi (Vijayanagar) the then capital of Vijayanagara. Both were eyewitness of the happenings during the hay days of Vijayanagara. Their firsthand accounts in fact acted as a basis for many assumptions historians made about the life in the imperial capital of Vijayanagara.